Jubail and Yanbu Industrial Cities
The Industrial Cities of Jubail and Yanbu are considered a unique model that narrates the story of planning coupled with determination, and evidence of the strength of the Kingdom's determination to expand its economic base, in order to reduce the state's dependence on oil revenues as the main source of income.
Jubail and Yanbu have been selected to host the industrial cities based on careful and accurate studies as Jubail is located 100 kilometers north of Dammam and is overlooking the Arabian Gulf, close to the international waterways, and close to the energy sources. On the other hand, Yanbu’s location has the advantages of overlooking the Red Sea coast, the proximity to the Suez Canal and the countries of North Africa which is considered a gateway to European markets, and mediating the distance between America and the Far East. Also, The selection of the two cities location on the coasts was carefully studied to use non-desalinated sea water for industrial cooling. Also, the strategic location of Ras Al Khair Industrial City overlooking the Arabian Gulf allows the marketing of Aluminum and Phosphate products to the world at competitive prices taking advantage of the Kingdom’s proximity to the major markets in Asia, Africa and Europe which helps to reduce the shipping costs.
The Importance of Jubail and Yanbu
The selection of Jubail and Yanbu to host two industrial cities was due to important planning and strategic considerations, most important of which is the location of Jubail on the Arabian Gulf coast, close to the international waterways, the energy sources and feedstock necessary for petroleum and petrochemical industries.
Yanbu Industrial City, on the other hand, its strategic important location on the Red Sea coast is characterized by its proximity to the Suez Canal and North Africa and Europe. It is also located in the middle between Africa and the Far East, and represents the western terminal of crude oil and natural gas liquids pipelines which stretch from the east of the kingdom for a distance of nearly 1,200 kilometers. Part of the crude oil is exported to international markets and the other part, in addition to natural gas liquids, is used as fuel and feedstock for petrochemical industries in Yanbu Industrial City. Also, the massive volumes of cooling water needed by the basic petrochemical industries was a key reason for selecting coastal locations to use saline sea water for industrial cooling.
Jubail 2 and Yanbu 2
In Sha’ban 1423H (October 2002), as the late Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques presided the Board of Directors of the Royal Commission HRH Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, Crown Prince at the time, announced his approval to the start of Jubail (2) and Yanbu (2) projects. Since all the developed land in the Jubail (1) area was exhausted by investors the Royal Commission assigned a company to conduct a field study to select the best alternatives for the expansion process. The study recommended the establishment of Jubail (2)and Yanbu (2). In Dhual-Qa’dah 1425H (September 2004) the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques laid the foundation stone for Jubail 2, and in the following year 1426H (2005), the foundation stone was laid for Yanbu (2). The persistence of Royal visits was meant to expedite the development of the industrial cities in order to achieve the goals for which they were established on the industrial and human domains.
Ras Al Khair
In the year 1430H, (2009) the Royal Commission was honored by the assignment of the management of Ras Al Khair City for Mining Industries based on the success it achieved in Jubail and Yanbu Industrial Cities.
Ras Al Khair is located approximately 65 kilometers north of Jubail Industrial City. It has a strategic location overlooking the Arabian Gulf which allows the marketing of mining industries products internationally with competitive prices that take advantage of the Kingdom’s proximity to major markets in Asia, Africa and Europe which helps to reduce the freight costs.
The Royal Commission after the assignment of the task and within a short period was able to prepare a plan that sets the course for industrial and economic development for Ras Al Khair. The Royal Commission is also working on the development of the infrastructure and logistics for the city to support the industrialization at all levels and types and get the highest possible added value in order to translate the visions of the leadership to develop the mining industry to be an important basis for achieving economic diversification and transfer and localization of technology and professions that require high skills associated with the mining industry.
Jazan City for Primary and Downstream Industries
In 1436H (2015), a Royal Decree was issued to assign management and operation of the Jazan Economic City to the Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu, being the fourth economic and industrial city to become under the management and operation of the Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu which confirms the major successes of the Royal Commission through its unique experience over more than forty years .
Jazan City for Primary and Downstream Industries is located on the coast of the Red Sea 66 kilometers north of Jazan city. It has an area of about 103 million square meters. It has a strategic location due to its proximity to the international shipping routes in the Red Sea and to the horn of Africa, the availability of raw materials, and the proximity to the new international airport, Jazan oil refinery and the planned railway.
The city targets heavy extensive energy Industries, petrochemicals, bio-energy supplies, mining industries and downstream industries in accordance with the relative advantages of the Jazan area. The crude oil refinery in Jizan will reduce the transportation of products from the current refining areas to Jazan which improves the refined products transportation network in the Kingdom.