Since inception, The Royal
Commission for Jubail and Yanbu has worked on ensuring the full harmonization
between industrial development and environmental protection.One of the most
important corner stones of environmental protection efforts by RC is the
environmental monitoring program.
Numerous environmental studies
were undertaken to understand the nature of the area and assess the impacts of
industrial development on the city. Based on these studies a comprehensive
environmental program was developed. This program has evolved considerably
throughout the years.
Today, the environmental
protection activities in Jubail are among the finest in the world and cover
various aspects such as environmental monitoring and permitting of industrial
facilities. In addition, stringent environmental standards and regulations have
been set to ensure the protection of Jubail environment. Every industry
(existing or future) will have to meet the standards set by the Royal
After completion of the paper
work and a site is allocated to a new industry, investors are required to
submit an Environmental Information Report (EIR) six months before construction
starts. This report comprises of information on the plant design, materials used,
pollution control technologies and equipment and procedures in place to control
pollution. This report will be reviewed by environmental specialists
specializing in different fields Download.
An Environmental Operating Permit
will be issued once the Royal Commission is satisfied that the industry will be
utilizing best available technologies to control pollution.
The Royal Commission in Jubail
operates stations to monitor the meteorology and ambient air quality in
Jubail. These stations have been placed
in strategic locations around the industrial area and in Jubail city to give a
comprehensive picture on meteorological and environmental conditions in the
area at any certain instant. Data is collected and transmitted wirelessly every
5 minutes - 24 hours a day to a central station and computer system.
The Royal Commission manages a
comprehensive groundwater monitoring program to prevent the degradation of the
groundwater quality, as the industrial city expands. Groundwater in the
vicinity of industrial processes, hazardous material storage areas, waste
management facilities and storage tanks is closely monitored for early
detection of contaminants in the groundwater.
Several monitoring stations have
been established by the Royal Commission to give a comprehensive picture on the
Gulf water and monitor any changes in the water quality near the coast and
offshore. Routine monitoring gives an early indication of any incident or
changes to the water quality in the long-term, which allows RC to react and
take any necessary action to prevent any adverse impacts on the environment.
In view of the Royal Commission
concern in monitoring the industrial complexes and the resulting industrial
wastewater, strict regulations for the discharge of this water into the sea or
other places have been enacted, and the wastewaters are being sent to
specialized stations for treatment. The Royal Commission monitors the
wastewater discharges from plants to guarantee that only those wastes which are
treatable are being sent to the treatment plants. The effluents from these
plants are used for irrigation purposes later on.
Industrial and sanitary
wastewater are normally used as irrigation water after advanced treatment and
after being subjected to strict control carried out by the Royal Commission.
All regulations of the Royal Commission are applied to this water in order to
ensure that it will be monitored continuously to make sure that its quality is
in line with the international irrigation water standards.
The Royal Commission performs
routine monitoring of the once-through, non-contact seawater cooling system to
determine any changes to its quality and take necessary actions to rectify a
situation, if any.
The Royal Commission approach to
drinking water protection includes assessing and protecting drinking water
sources (Gulf water and groundwater); making sure water is treated by qualified
operators; ensuring the integrity of the distribution systems; and monitoring
the quality of the water throughout the water network.
The Royal Commission has
implemented strict policies for industrial waste management (hazardous or
non-hazardous) generated by industrial facilities and companies in Jubail Industrial
City. They aim at minimizing adverse impacts on the
environment and provide safe and permanent disposal methods.
Noise is considered as an
environmental problem that is associated with modern technical development
during the industrial area. The noise arising from factories is usually
monitored through high-tech measurement devices to ensure that it conforms with
the Royal Commission Environmental Regulations.
In Jubail Industrial
City, there are a number
of natural habitats that support wildlife and migrating birds. These areas
include mudflats, mangrove stand, wetlands and islands.In addition, regular
monitoring and inspection along the coast and hinterland desert are carried out
to check for oil spills and unauthorized dumping. The surface drainage channels
that carry storm water to the sea and tidal inlets are also regularly inspected.
Environmental penalties system
was adopted to complete the monitoring program by giving penalties for violating
environmental regulations in order to encourage and ensure the opt-out Download.
This is in addition to raising
the level of environmental awareness through the formation of the Committee on
Environmental Awareness and organizing local and international events and
conferences in order to exchange experiences and take advantage of the
scientific development in the field of preservation of the environment.