A number of expert doctors and consultants participating in The First Jubail Health Conference of Internal Medicine stressed the importance of raising awareness of preventive measures that contribute to reduce the increase of the number of people with sickle cell disease around the world, noting that the world is witnessing the birth of 300,000 Sickle-cell afflicted children yearly, patient care costs approximately $230 thousand dollars per year, while the total cost for a patient up to the age of 50 is approximately $9 million.
This has been mentioned during The First Jubail Health Conference of Internal Medicine "2018", organized by the Royal Commission in Jubail during the period 27-29 November at King Abdullah Al Cultural Center, where the consultant of Internal Medicine and hematology and oncology for adults at King Fahd University Hospital in A-l Khobar Dr. Osama al-Sultan talked about the importance of spreading awareness of the Sickle cell disease for families who practice Endogamy , although they know the seriousness of the disease.
Dr. Mohammad Bakkar, a consultant for hematology at Prince Mohammad Bin Nasser Hospital in Jizan, confirmed that the world is witnessing the birth of 300,000 children with sickle-cell disease each year, explaining that post-natal early diagnosis of the sickle cell helps to reduce deaths by applying precautionary measures, including starting with a countermeasure Penicillin prophylaxis and completion of vaccinations to prevent fatal infections, as the acoustic rays of the brain arteries in children help to detect sickle cell patients exposed to a severe stroke, and regular blood transfusion for this category reduces the occurrence of severe strokes.
He added that there are promising treatments for the sickle cell patients that may be available soon in the coming years, including gene therapy for sickle cell patients and Thalassemia, while the care of a sickle cell patient costs approximately $230 thousand dollars annually while the total cost for one patient until 50 of age $ 9 million dollars.
Dr. Mohsen Al-Zahrani, a consultant for hematology and stem cell transplantation at the National Guard Hospital in Riyadh, explained that recent studies indicate that the success rate of sickle cell anemia is more than 95% if the matched donor is from the family, pointing to the experience of King Abdul Al Aziz Medical City in Riyadh stem cells treatment, for 50 adult patients with anemia with a healing rate of more than 90%. On the third session of the second day Pulmonary diseases were reviewed, where pulmonology consultant and intensive care and sleep medicine in RCJ hospital, Dr. Fouad Tamimi called for more vigorous measures to be taken to stop the spreading of smoking between the youth due to the high prevalence of chronic lung disease.
Dr. Fayez Al-Mutairi, a consultant for thoracic diseases at the King Abdulaziz Hospital in the National Guard, about the problems of breathing at bedtime, where studies confirm that Saudi society sleeps much less than it was 100 years ago, stressing the seriousness of such practices for future generations, calling for the establishment of more centers to treat sleep disorders, obesity increase and lack awareness of sleep disorders.
Dr. Maram Al-Otaibi, assistant professor and consultant of molecular Genetics at King Saud University Medical City, pointed out that studies have demonstrated the urgent need to change existing protocols and controls for a more effective screening program test and there is an urgent need to implement the National registry system and a general database For Alpha & Beta Thalassemia disease.
The Psychiatry workshop most important recommendations called for the understanding of the nature of Developmental disability and its causes, besides the community contribution and the use of its resources to provide access for persons with special needs to schools and public places. The need to interact with persons with special needs families in order to exchange experiences and mutual support.
The recommendations included the educational role that helps to understand the nature of the family role and methods of participation, activating the family’s role in the preparation and planning of educational programs, take the decision for their children, and training the families in how to deal with special needs and to educate them about their rights, as well as their support scientific, medical, and educational information about the child's development, abilities and current performance, and knowledge of the rehabilitative programs he needs such as conversational language, physiotherapy and behavioral modification.
During the third day of the Conference, Dr. Waleed Farah, consultant of Gastroenterology, and endoscopy at the Royal Commission Hospital in Jubail, spoke about hepatitis (C )and confirmed that it is considered among the highest curable diseases by 100%percentage through modern therapies and during record time. he indicated that colon cancer is considered one of the most frequently occurring tumors, although it is subject to early diagnosis and full recovery. He talked about obesity, noting that it is considered one of the most dangerous factors in heart disease, diabetes, hypertension and lipoid hepatitis. Dr. Nawaf Zekri from King Fahd Military complex in Dhahran confirmed the need to investigate colon cancer diseases saying that : Colon cancer is considered the third of cancer diseases among men and the second among women internationally. the colon cancer incidence percentage is 5% and the diagnosis reaches 90% of cases in patients who are over 50 years old.
The early screening procedures for colon cancer had led to a decrease in the mortality rate by more than 50%, he added.
Dr. Ahmed Alakwaa consultant of the digestive system and Hematology at the National Guard Hospital in Al-Ahsa talked about the latest therapeutic methods to treat obesity by endoscopy and the installation of the balloon without the need for surgeries. He added: high weight and obesity are growing health problems in the kingdom leading to serious health complications, mainly sugar, hypertension, heart and lung disease. He added: there are weight loss auxiliary tools made by the laparoscopic stomach, including balloon input, sewing to reduce stomach size and other methods of the small intestine, indicating that these processes have acceptable side effects but less than surgical with temporary service and requiring the need to adhere to healthy eating habits in order to obtain the ideal weight permanently.
The First Jubail Health Conference of Internal Medicine "2018", lasted for 3 days, offering 10 specialized scientific sessions and number of two workshops and of 38 scientific presentations presented by 37 Specialist Consultant.